|Previous Knowledge/Over viewing
||Activate previous knowledge, known to unknown, concrete to abstract.
||Recollect/recapitulate a topic to help learn more.
|Personalizing or linking information
||Link the knowledge to student’s expressions & feelings using guiding questions & activities.
||Link to one's own expressions & feelings.
|Arranging & Planning or summarizing
||Students to read text, watch films etc then summarize it and comprehend
||After reading and expressing, reflect on it and then summarize to help comprehend.
||Create meaningful content by adding new information.
||Associate new information with a printed or mental image to help learn better.